The authors would first and foremost like to thank the many IDPs, Afghan refugees and residents of Peshawar who generously gave their time to be interviewed for this study, as well as key informants. Special thanks to Katie Hindley for research support, the Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) in Islamabad for supporting the study and the field data collection, and to Dr. Abid Suleri and Dr. Vaqar Ahmed in particular for providing valuable guidance and feedback throughout the study. Special thanks also to staff at the Danish Refugee Council (DRC), the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), IVAP and UN-HABITAT, who supported the field research with their time and inputs. In particular, Matteo Paoltroni and Kyriakos Giaglis provided generous support and hospitality throughout the field research. The authors would also like to thank the many individuals who provided input and comments on the study, including Simone Haysom, Sean Loughna, Matthew Foley, IVAP staff, Lauren Aarons, Dr. Mahmood Khwaja, Damon Bristow and Steve Commins. Finally, the authors would like to thank Thomas Thomsen (DANIDA) for his support. This study was funded primarily by DANIDA through HPG’s Integrated Programme (IP). A full list of IP funders is available at http://www.odi.org.uk/work/programmes/humanitarian-policy-group/work-int.... ODI gratefully acknowledges this financial support.