States have the obligation to protect the rights of internally displaced persons (IDPs) to the same standard as that for all citizens. Humanitarian agencies are frequently called upon to support States to meet this obligation. This framework is intended to assist States and humanitarian agencies to assess existing protection capacities and identify protection gaps. It is thus designed to provide a comprehensive analysis of the situation of IDPs and of affected populations, including host communities, returning IDPs, and communities in areas of return, as well as persons at risk of displacement, and to highlight the main risks they face. This analysis should then provide a blueprint for operational planning.