Papua New Guinea (PNG): Land Rights

In Papua New Guinea, over 97% of land is under customary title. There is significant pressure, from both the Australian government and the World Bank to reform land ownership systems on the premise that customary title is an impediment to development.
However, research from the Australian National University shows that in recent decades, agricultural production in PNG of both domestically marketed food and export crops has expanded steadily under customary tenures and has mostly declined under registered titles.