Prefabrication is usually associated with one of the two prevailing approaches to post-disaster reconstruction, the top-down approach. However, this is based on a narrow view of prefabrication, which associates it with high-tech and highly industrialized initiatives. Post-disaster reconstruction often includes a huge and disorganized demand, which agencies and governments want to meet rapidly; but there is the endemic risk of profiteering and price gouging. Nonetheless, local residents and companies are willing to intervene, if only they knew how. The questions then are: how can local resources resource be supported to perform better? And, is there scope for prefabrication in some form or other in such a context?