This evaluation is part of a four-country study, which includes Indonesia, Maldives, Sri Lanka and Thailand. Three sets of national and local capacities are reviewed: 1) The capacity to respond to the disaster as shown by those affected, CSOs, local women's organisations and local and national government. This includes the capacities of women, men and other vulnerable groups in the affected communities to participate in decision-making related to relief and recovery efforts, local governance, resource mobilisation, planning, protection, advocacy, training and livelihoods recovery;2) The capacity of community members to access services and markets for livelihoods. This includes access to relief- and recovery-related services of government, and the capacities of the private sector to recover and create livelihoods; and3) The capacity of community members, CSOs and local governments to ensure accountability and quality of service delivery. This evaluation focuses on five key stakeholder groups: international agencies, national and local governments, local non-governmental organisations (NGOs), community-based organisations (CBOs) and community/beneficiaries. The response is divided into three phases: immediate emergency (up to two weeks), early recovery (up to three months) and transition from recovery to reconstruction and development (from four to eight months).