Cooking options in a refugees situations: a handbook of experience in energy conservation and alternative fuels

Refugees tend to use sources of energy for cooking, heating and lighting that are already familiar to them and readily available in the areas where they are temporarily settled. In most situations, particularly in developing countries, this means firewood and charcoal. High demand for these two fuels can lead to environmental degradation in areas that host refugees as supplies of dead wood are progressively exhausted and live trees are cut in an uncontrolled manner.