This report examines the nature and scope of the housing problem, the housing sector and the financial sector in Indonesia. It describes the structure, patterns, trends, characteristics and evolution of housing finance. It reviews the main players of the housing finance system and driving forces for the change. It examines the strategies and instruments for mobilising domestic resources and the sources and volume of housing finance. It looks at the structure of mortgage industry and factors constraining the development of housing finance mechanism. It also describes the major low income housing finance programs and initiatives and housing finance subsidies programs in Indonesia. Finally it looks at the alternatives for developing housing mechanisms in Indonesia.