NRC Shelter Handbook: Planning and proposals

NRC intervenes when people are unable to exercise their right to shelter. This is usually in the context of displacement due to conflict, but NRC also responds to natural disaster displacement (normally defined by whether there is already an NRC presence in the country due to conflict-based displacement) and has projects in ‘non-crisis’ situations (e.g. voluntary returns).

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NRC Shelter Handbook: Introduction

This web-book replaces the Shelter Handbook and has been produced as a guide to support NRC field and headquarters staff in shelter programming. It contains material on NRC shelter principles, theory and practical tools. Cross-overs with other NRC core competences are identified as well as different approaches to the provision of emergency, transitional and permanent shelter. This web-book is not a technical construction manual and, instead of describing all issues in detail, provides links to the best resources from NRC country programmes and the wider shelter sector. From revision v2.0 the Shelter web-book no longer covers general project cycle management beyond its shelter-specific aspects. There will be a dedicated NRC resource for project management across the Core Competencies. At time of writing this does not yet exist, and so relevant parts of NRC Shelter Handbook v1.0 may remain useful in the interim.

NRC Shelter Handbook: Cross-cutting issues

NRC operates in complex, violent and often marginal environments and it generates different needs and risks for different groups or individuals. In order to ensure high quality relevant programming NRC will always assess the crosscutting issues and incorporate a programmatic response where required. Being considered as a whole, crosscutting issues provide a series of important points to stakeholders to deal with programmatic response. In parallel, programmatic response needs to present a real understanding of the situation by identifying and addressing the key issues in an integrated manner and communicating continually with other sectors.

NRC Shelter Handbook: Implementation through the 18 assistance methods

NRC understands there to be 18 shelter assistance methods that are normally combined to support the affected population, depending upon the nature of the shelter or settlement programme. Most of these are commonly used by NRC shelter programmes while some, such as loans and credit, are generally outside our standard capacity but can be considered, if the context requires. The 18 assistance methods are summarised below and then elaborated further in this chapter. Case study examples are offered, in order to illustrate how past responses can be understood using the 18 methods. Although the details of how each assistance method is used in each project will vary, the values of using a comprehensive and consistent description include improving communication between stakeholders, as well as making more visible lessons learnt from previous projects.